After the wisdom tooth extraction bleeding at the site is expected and is normal. The underlying tissues of wisdom teeth are damaged and leads to bleeding. It is inevitable though one should not worry about it much. The bleeding may continue till the third day after tooth extraction but till the third day amount of blood oozing out lessens. Immediately after the removal of the tooth, the dentist advises to put a cotton gauge at the extraction site. The cotton gauge should be bitten down on firm applying pressure. This helps to cease the bleeding but overdoing it may irritate the site and prolong the bleeding by damaging the clot. Gradually bleeding stops and if it does not decrease for more than twenty-four hours, you should consult a surgeon as soon as possible.
After the tooth extraction, a blood clot is formed at the extraction site within few hours. The cotton gauge should be regularly replaced after around 45 minutes. Proper care should be taken so that the clot is not dislodged else bleeding will continue. A short time after the surgery an offensive smell may be noticeable. It is due to abundant mouth bacteria. Also a rancid-tasting fluid flows from the wound. These symptoms disappear in around a week time. The patient should not rinse its mouth with force or pressure as it may dislodge the wound. The dentist advises to rinse the mouth gently with saline water three to four times per day or use some special mouthwash. This aids in healing process.
A substitute for cotton gauze is to place and bite a wet tea bag at the extraction site. Tea contains tannic acid that slows down the bleeding process and enhances quicker healing. After a few hours of tooth removal, patients may find some blood with large saliva in their spit. This is normal and slowly blood quantities decreases as the clot heals up. This is less likely if the person has his or her wisdom teeth removed at an early age. Smoking and drinking must be avoided for at least first four days as it may lead to severe complications like dry sockets. In those cases bleeding continues for some more days accompanying severe pain in it. Patients should follow the dentist’s advises. Liquid and semi-solid food should be consumed. The wounded region should be kept untouched as much as possible.